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This database contains 162 studies, archived under the term: "Community"

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Statins and serum cholesterol’s associations with incident dementia and mild cognitive impairment

Background: Statin use and serum cholesterol reduction have been proposed as preventions for dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods: 1604 and 1345 eligible participants from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging (BLSA) were followed after age 50 for a median time of around 25 years, to examine the incidence of dementia (n = 259) […]

Randomized controlled trial of a Healthy Brain Ageing Cognitive Training program: Effects on memory, mood, and sleep

Background: With the rise in the ageing population and absence of a cure for dementia, cost-effective prevention strategies for those ‘at risk’ of dementia including those with depression and/or mild cognitive impairment are urgently required. Objective: This study evaluated the efficacy of a multifaceted Healthy Brain Ageing Cognitive Training (HBA-CT) program for older adults ‘at […]

Diuretic use is associated with better learning and memory in older adults in the Ginkgo Evaluation of Memory Study

Background: To investigate the association between diuretics, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I), angiotensin II receptor blockers (AT2RB), and cognitive function.; Methods: This post hoc analysis of the randomized controlled Ginkgo Evaluation of Memory Study trial focuses on 3069 nondemented community-dwelling participants aged >75 years. At baseline visit, detailed information about medication use was collected and five […]

Differences in verbal memory performance in postmenopausal women receiving hormone therapy: 17β-estradiol versus conjugated equine estrogens

Objective: Much controversy exists and many questions remain unanswered about the effects of hormone therapy (HT) on cognition in postmenopausal women. There is growing evidence suggesting that HT compounds containing conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) have negative effects on cognition whereas 17β-estradiol (17β-E) either has positive or neutral effects. The present study sought to further examine […]

A community-based exercise programme to improve functional ability in people with Alzheimer’s disease: a randomized controlled trial

Rationale: Dementia is a common neurodegenerative condition in older age associated with functional decline across multiple domains. This decline impacts not only on the person with dementia, but also on their informal carers and health and aged care systems. With the number of people with dementia rapidly increasing and few effective treatments, there is now […]

A community-based approach to trials of aerobic exercise in aging and Alzheimer’s disease

The benefits of exercise for aging have received considerable attention in both the popular and academic press. The putative benefits of exercise for maximizing cognitive function and supporting brain health have great potential for combating Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Aerobic exercise offers a low-cost, low-risk intervention that is widely available and may have disease modifying effects. […]

Study protocol: a randomised controlled trial of the effects of a multi-modal exercise program on cognition and physical functioning in older women

Background: Intervention studies testing the efficacy of cardiorespiratory exercise have shown some promise in terms of improving cognitive function in later life. Recent developments suggest that a multi-modal exercise intervention that includes motor as well as physical training and requires sustained attention and concentration, may better elicit the actual potency of exercise to enhance cognitive […]

Dementelcoach: effect of telephone coaching on carers of community-dwelling people with dementia

Background: Dementelcoach is a new telephone intervention to support informal caregivers of community dwelling people with dementia. The effectiveness of this intervention was evaluated on burden and mental health problems of informal caregivers.; Methods: A pre-test/post-test comparison group design was used with three groups of informal caregivers.Two of the groups were experimental and received either […]

Effects of multicomponent exercise on cognitive function in older adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment: a randomized controlled trial

Background: To examine the effects of a multicomponent exercise program on the cognitive function of older adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI).; Design: Twelve months, randomized controlled trial;; Setting: Community center in Japan;; Participants: Fifty older adults (27 men) with aMCI ranging in age from 65 to 93 years (mean age, 75 years);; Intervention: […]

Dementia care in the general practice setting: a cluster randomized trial on the effectiveness and cost impact of three management strategies

Objective: To compare a complex nondrug intervention including actively approaching counseling and caregiver support groups with differing intensity against usual care with respect to time to institutionalization in patients with dementia.; Methods: Within this three-armed cluster-randomized controlled trial, 390 community-dwelling patients aged 65 years or older with physician-diagnosed mild to moderate dementia and their caregivers […]

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