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This database contains 109 studies, archived under the term: "At risk population"

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Tea Consumption and Cognitive Impairment: A Cross-Sectional Study among Chinese Elderly

Background: Laboratorial and epidemiological researches suggested that tea exhibited potential neuroprotective effect which may prevent cognitive impairment, but there were few data among the elderly aged 60 years and above in China.; Objective: The objective was to explore the relationship between characteristics of tea consumption and cognitive impairment.; Design: We analyzed the baseline data from […]

Targeting Prodromal Alzheimer Disease With Avagacestat: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Importance: Early identification of Alzheimer disease (AD) is important for clinical management and affords the opportunity to assess potential disease-modifying agents in clinical trials. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a randomized trial to prospectively enrich a study population with prodromal AD (PDAD) defined by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarker criteria and mild […]

Anticholinergic drug use and risk for dementia: Target for dementia prevention

An increasing number of longitudinal cohort studies have identified a risk increase for dementia by the chronic use of drugs with anticholinergic properties. The respective data from the German Study on Aging, Cognition and Dementia in Primary Care Patients (AgeCoDe) also showing risk increase (hazard ratio = 2.081) are reported here. The mechanisms by which […]

Thyroid medication use and subsequent development of dementia of the Alzheimer type

Associations between medication use and the development of Alzheimer disease have been investigated since the late 1900s. Thyroid hormone supplementation is rarely a studied medication class in this area of research. We examined data from participants enrolled in longitudinal studies at the Washington University Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center for associations between thyroid disease, thyroid hormone […]

Associations of anti-hypertensive treatments with Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, and other dementias

We investigated whether angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-Is) are more strongly associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD), vascular dementia (VaD), and other dementias, than other anti-hypertensive drugs. We conducted a nested case-control analysis within the UK general practice research database, with prospectively recorded anti-hypertensive prescribing data. We sampled cases aged […]

Effect of physical activity on cognitive function in older adults at risk for Alzheimer disease: A randomized trial

Context: Many observational studies have shown that physical activity reduces the risk of cognitive decline; however, evidence from randomized trials is lacking. Objective: To determine whether physical activity reduces the rate of cognitive decline among older adults at risk. Design and Setting: Randomized controlled trial of a 24-week physical activity intervention conducted between 2004 and […]

Duration of antihypertensive drug use and risk of dementia: A prospective cohort study

Background: The evidence from prospective observational research for a protective effect of antihypertensive drug use on the risk of dementia is far from uniform. Duration of follow-up was limited and relied mainly on baseline drug exposure data without information on duration of use. We investigated the association between the duration of antihypertensive use and risk […]

Early cost-utility analysis of general and cerebrospinal fluid-specific Alzheimer’s disease biomarkers for hypothetical disease-modifying treatment decision in mild cognitive impairment

INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to determine the room for improvement of a perfect cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarker and the societal incremental net monetary benefit of CSF in subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) assuming a hypothetical disease-modifying Alzheimer’s disease (AD) treatment. METHODS: A decision model compared current practice to a perfect biomarker and to two […]

Use of anticholinergics and the risk of cognitive impairment in an African American population

Background: Anticholinergic properties of certain medications often go unrecognized, and are frequently used by the elderly population. Few studies have yet defined the long-term impact of these medications on the incidence of cognitive impairment. Methods: We report a 6-year longitudinal, observational study, evaluating 1,652 community-dwelling African American subjects over the age of 70 years who […]

Randomized controlled trial of a Healthy Brain Ageing Cognitive Training program: Effects on memory, mood, and sleep

Background: With the rise in the ageing population and absence of a cure for dementia, cost-effective prevention strategies for those ‘at risk’ of dementia including those with depression and/or mild cognitive impairment are urgently required. Objective: This study evaluated the efficacy of a multifaceted Healthy Brain Ageing Cognitive Training (HBA-CT) program for older adults ‘at […]

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