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This database contains 10 studies, archived under the term: "verbal learning"

Hormone levels and cognitive function in postmenopausal midlife women

Gonadal hormones may influence cognitive function. Postmenopausal midlife women in the population-based Melbourne Women’s Midlife Health Project cohort were administered a comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tests on two occasions 2 years apart. Participants (n = 148, mean age 60 years) had undergone natural menopause and were not using hormone therapy. Estrone, total and free estradiol, […]

Effects of a diet integration with an oily emulsion of DHA-phospholipids containing melatonin and tryptophan in elderly patients suffering from mild cognitive impairment

Age-related changes in nutritional status can play an important role in brain functioning. Specific nutrient deficiencies in the elderly may exacerbate pathological processes in the brain. Consequently, the potential of nutritional intervention to prevent or delay cognitive impairment and the development of dementia is an important topic. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial has been performed […]

Effects of lexical-semantic treatment on memory in early Alzheimer disease: an observer-blinded randomized controlled trial

Background: Episodic memory and semantic abilities deteriorate early in Alzheimer disease (AD). Since the cognitive system includes interconnected and reciprocally influenced neuronal networks, the authors hypothesized that stimulation of lexical-semantic abilities may benefit semantically structured episodic memory.; Objective: To investigate the effects of lexical-semantic stimulation (LSS) on verbal communication and episodic memory in early AD.; […]

Longer duration of hormonal contraceptive use predicts better cognitive outcomes later in life

Background: The cognitive effects of postmenopausal hormone therapy (HT) have been studied extensively, but little is known about the relationship between premenopausal hormone use and cognition. Hormonal contraceptive use vs. nonuse may be a potential factor influencing cognitive processes in midlife. The aim of this study is to explore the effect of modification of hormone […]

Short-term effect of combined drug therapy and cognitive stimulation therapy on the cognitive function of Alzheimer’s disease

Background: Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (i.e. donepezil) are known to benefit Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients. However, the combined effects of acetylcholinesterase and cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) are still debated. The present study examined their combined effects on the progression of cognitive decline in AD.; Methods: The present study was a non-randomized controlled study and included two groups […]

Increased masticatory activity and quality of life in elderly persons with dementia–a longitudinal matched cluster randomized single-blind multicenter intervention study

Background: Worldwide, millions of people are suffering from dementia and this number is rising. An index of quality of life (QoL) can describe the impact a disease or treatment has on a person’s wellbeing. QoL comprises many variables, including physical health and function, and mental health and function. QoL is related to masticatory ability and […]

Detecting frontotemporal dysfunction in ALS: utility of the ALS Cognitive Behavioral Screen (ALS-CBS)

Up to half of patients with ALS develop cognitive impairment during the course of the illness. Despite this, there is no simple tool for screening patients in the clinical setting. This study examines the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the ALS Cognitive Behavioral Screen (ALS-CBS). We administered the measure to 112 ALS patients, including 31 […]

Semantic memory training in Alzheimer’s disease

The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of semantic stimulation of Alzheimer’s patients on semantic memory comparatively to psychological support. We conducted semantic training with two target categories (musical instruments and human actions), because these concepts were massively failed in previous data collected in Alzheimer’s disease. Ten patients (57-78 year old, MMSE […]

Women have farther to fall: gender differences between normal elderly and Alzheimer’s disease in verbal memory engender better detection of Alzheimer’s disease in women

We analyzed verbal episodic memory learning and recall using the Logical Memory (LM) subtest of the Wechsler Memory Scale-III to determine how gender differences in AD compare to those seen in normal elderly and whether or not these differences impact assessment of AD. We administered the LM to both an AD and a Control group, […]

Effects of distraction and pictorial illustration on memory for countries in older adults with probable Alzheimer’s disease

Eight participants with probable Alzheimer’s disease (AD) were trained to recall names of countries using the spaced-retrieval memory intervention. Six training sessions were administered on alternate days over a 2-week period. Half of the participants studied a target country alone and the other half studied a target country along with eight distractor countries. Training stimuli […]

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