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This database contains 28 studies, archived under the term: "training"

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Sustainability of motor training effects in older people with dementia

Evidence for sustainability of motor training effects in people with dementia is lacking. To examine whether the substantial improvements in motor performance achieved through a three-month specialized, standardized motor training were sustained, the participants of the randomized controlled trial were re-evaluated nine months after training had ceased. As part of a comprehensive study, participants with […]

A randomized controlled trial of cognitive training using a visual speed of processing intervention in middle aged and older adults

Background: Age-related cognitive decline is common and may lead to substantial difficulties and disabilities in everyday life. We hypothesized that 10 hours of visual speed of processing training would prevent age-related declines and potentially improve cognitive processing speed.; Methods: Within two age bands (50-64 and ≥ 65) 681 patients were randomized to (a) three computerized […]

Cognitive function in elderly marathon runners: cross-sectional data from the marathon trial (APSOEM)

Background: Cognitive impairment of the elderly contributes to morbidity, loss of quality of life, and impairment of work ability in aging western societies. Thus strategies to maintain cognitive function at an advanced age imply a great challenge to Occupational Medicine.; Aim: To study whether intensive endurance exercise training is associated with better cognitive performance and […]

Effects of dementia-care mapping on residents and staff of care homes: a pragmatic cluster-randomised controlled trial

Background: The effectiveness of dementia-care mapping (DCM) for institutionalised people with dementia has been demonstrated in an explanatory cluster-randomised controlled trial (cRCT) with two DCM researchers carrying out the DCM intervention. In order to be able to inform daily practice, we studied DCM effectiveness in a pragmatic cRCT involving a wide range of care homes […]

The Indiana Alzheimer Disease Center’s Symposium on Mild Cognitive Impairment. Cognitive training in older adults: Lessons from the ACTIVE study

This paper is based on a presentation made during the Indiana Alzheimer Disease Center’s Symposium on Mild Cognitive Impairment on April 19, 2008. The results of the ACTIVE study (Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly) were presented at the symposium including review of previously published study findings. The ACTIVE study is a multicenter, […]

Implications of a longitudinal cognitive intervention program in mild Alzheimer’s disease

The implications of a longitudinal (5 years) intervention program in a mild Alzheimer’s disease (mAD) patient targeting mainly the language deficits were investigated. The program had 2 parts: the intensive one included training strategies and tasks that enhanced his impairments (memory, naming, comprehension), and the second one (the next 4 years), without guidelines or teaching. […]

Staff training in assisted living: evaluating treatment fidelity

Objectives: To investigate a protocol for identifying and evaluating treatment fidelity in Staff Training in Assisted-living Residences (STAR), a structured but flexible program to train direct care staff to improve care of residents with dementia.; Design: Multisite feasibility trial.; Setting: Assisted living facilities (ALFs).; Participants: Forty-four direct care staff and 36 leadership staff.; Intervention: STAR […]

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation combined with cognitive training is a safe and effective modality for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease: a randomized, double-blind study

Cortical excitability can be modulated using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). Previously, we showed that rTMS combined with cognitive training (rTMS-COG) has positive results in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The goal of this randomized double-blind, controlled study was to examine the safety and efficacy of rTMS-COG in AD. Fifteen AD patients received 1-h daily rTMS-COG or […]

Home blood pressure measurement in elderly patients with cognitive impairment: comparison of agreement between relative-measured blood pressure and automated blood pressure measurement

Objectives: Home blood pressure measurement (HBPM) is recommended by guidelines for hypertension management. However, this method might be difficult to use in elderly individuals with cognitive disorders. Our aim was to assess the agreement and the feasibility of HBPM by a relative as compared with 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in elderly patients with […]

Chronic endurance exercise training prevents aging-related cognitive decline in healthy older adults: A randomized controlled trial

Objective: To evaluate the effects of endurance exercise training (EET) on the cognitive status of healthy community-dwelling older adults. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted involving community-dwelling older adults from the town of Pianoro (northern Italy). We randomized 120 healthy subjects aged 65–74 years, both genders, to treatment (N = 60) and control (N […]

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