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This database contains 11 studies, archived under the term: "social"

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The effect of regular walks on various health aspects in older people with dementia: protocol of a randomized-controlled trial

Background: Physical activity has proven to be beneficial for physical functioning, cognition, depression, anxiety, rest-activity rhythm, quality of life (QoL), activities of daily living (ADL) and pain in older people. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of walking regularly on physical functioning, the progressive cognitive decline, level of depression, anxiety, rest-activity […]

Influence of social support on cognitive change and mortality in old age: results from the prospective multicentre cohort study AgeCoDe

Background: Social support has been suggested to positively influence cognition and mortality in old age. However, this suggestion has been questioned due to inconsistent operationalisations of social support among studies and the small number of longitudinal studies available. This study aims to investigate the influence of perceived social support, understood as the emotional component of […]

Effects of socially stimulating group intervention on lonely, older people’s cognition: a randomized, controlled trial

Objective: Loneliness may predict impaired cognition among older people. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of socially stimulating group intervention on cognition among older individuals suffering from loneliness.; Design: A randomized controlled trial.; Setting and Participants: Two hundred thirty-five participants (≥75 years) in seven day care centers in Finland.; Intervention: Group […]

Dementia caregivers’ responses to 2 Internet-based intervention programs

Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the impact on dementia caregivers’ experienced stress and health status of 2 Internet-based intervention programs.; Design and Methods: Ninety-one dementia caregivers were given the choice of being involved in either an Internet-based chat support group or an Internet-based video conferencing support group. Pre-post outcome measures focused […]

Randomized controlled trial of a dementia care programme for families of home-resided older people with dementia

Aim: This paper reports a study to examine the effectiveness of a 6-month dementia care programme for Chinese families living with and caring for a relative with dementia, compared with routine family support services in Hong Kong.; Background: Recognizing the adverse psychosocial health effects inherent in dementia care, different psychosocial interventions provided preliminary evidence of […]

Improved social interaction and increased anterior cingulate metabolism after group reminiscence with reality orientation approach for vascular dementia

A group reminiscence approach (GRA) with reality orientation (RO) is widely used as a psychosocial intervention for dementia. Since clinical effectiveness was reported for the intervention, interest has been directed toward areas of the neuronal network that might be being stimulated. We hypothesized that the frontal lobe associated with social interaction was being stimulated. To […]

Survival of community-dwelling older people: the effect of cognitive impairment and social engagement

Objectives: To examine the association and interaction between cognitive impairment and social support and mortality.; Design: Prospective cohort study.; Setting: Fifty-three family practices in the United Kingdom.; Participants: Community-dwelling people (aged > or =75) participating in the Medical Research Council Trial of the Assessment and Management of Older People in the Community (10,720 individual subjects […]

Physical activity and cognitive functioning in the oldest old: Within- and between-person cognitive activity and psychosocial mediators

The current study examines the role of social contact intensity, cognitive activity, and depressive symptoms as within- and between-person mediators for the relationships between physical activity and cognitive functioning. All three types of mediators were considered simultaneously using multilevel structural equations modeling with longitudinal data. The sample consisted of 470 adults ranging from 79.37 to […]

Cognitive function, social integration and mortality in a U.S. national cohort study of older adults

Background: Prior research suggests an interaction between social networks and Alzheimer’s disease pathology and cognitive function, all predictors of survival in the elderly. We test the hypotheses that both social integration and cognitive function are independently associated with subsequent mortality and there is an interaction between social integration and cognitive function as related to mortality […]

The Sydney Multisite Intervention of LaughterBosses and ElderClowns (SMILE) study: cluster randomised trial of humour therapy in nursing homes

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether humour therapy reduces depression (primary outcome), agitation and behavioural disturbances and improves social engagement and quality-of-life in nursing home residents. DESIGN: The Sydney Multisite Intervention of LaughterBosses and ElderClowns study was a single-blind cluster randomised controlled trial of humour therapy. SETTING: 35 Sydney nursing homes. PARTICIPANTS: All eligible residents within geographically […]

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