This database contains 40 studies, archived under the term: "sensitivity and specificity"
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Pain and distress in advanced dementia: choosing the right tools for the job
Objective: There is a concern that pain is under-recognized in dementia. However, there may be other causes of distress. We wished to evaluate the utility of a distress tool and a pain tool.; Methods: Nursing home residents with advanced dementia were observed using pain (Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia scale (PAINAD)) and distress (Disability Distress […]
Voxel-based morphometry in individual patients: a pilot study in early Huntington disease
Background and Purpose: Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) has proved a powerful method to detect subtle changes of gray matter (GM) at the group level but the role of VBM for the detection of GM changes in single subjects, especially in those with suspected neurodegenerative disorder, remains uncertain. Here, we performed single subject analyses in 22 patients […]
Comparing registration methods for mapping brain change using tensor-based morphometry
Measures of brain changes can be computed from sequential MRI scans, providing valuable information on disease progression for neuroscientific studies and clinical trials. Tensor-based morphometry (TBM) creates maps of these brain changes, visualizing the 3D profile and rates of tissue growth or atrophy. In this paper, we examine the power of different nonrigid registration models […]
A simple cognitive test which detects early decline in cognitive function
Aim: The aim of this study was to examine our new cognitive test which detects early decline in cognitive function.; Methods: Our newly developed Simple Cognitive test (SC-test) takes 3 minutes, during which participants choose the figures in which both the shape and color are different from the figure on the left end of each […]