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This database contains 39 studies, archived under the term: "prevalence"

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Screening for dementia using telephone interviews. An evaluation and reliability study of the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (TICS) in its modified German version

Background: To assess cognitive impairment or dementia in epidemiologic studies using telephone interviews for data acquisition, valid, reliable and short instruments suitable for telephone administration are required. For the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (TICS) in its modified German version, the only instrument used in Germany so far, more data on reliability and practicability are […]

In vivo assessment of amyloid-β deposition in nondemented very elderly subjects

Objective: This study examined amyloid-β (Aβ) deposition in 190 nondemented subjects aged ≥82 years to determine the proportion of Aβ-positive scans and associations with cognition, apolipoprotein E (APOE) status, brain volume, and Ginkgo biloba (Gb) treatment.; Methods: Subjects who agreed to participate had a brain magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography scan with (11) […]

Utilisation of atypical antipsychotic drugs in institutionalised elderly persons and prevalence of metabolic alterations

Objectives: Describe and evaluate atypical antipsychotics utilisation on the institutionalized elderly population of the Valencian Community and prevalence of associated metabolic alterations.; Material and Methods: Multicentre transversal descriptive study on medication utilisation and prevalence case-control of alterations of glycaemia, cholesterol and triglycerides. The statistical analysis of metabolic alterations is performed from the difference in prevalence […]

Maintenance of health and relief for caregivers of elderly with dementia by using “initial case management”: experiences from the Lighthouse Project on Dementia, Ulm, ULTDEM-study

Background: When facing the well-known demographic development with an increasing number of people suffering from dementia, there is a need of programmes to support nursing relatives and care at home. Many support services have been established in the past few years but they are rarely used by the relatives and the patients. The purpose of […]

The KICA Screen: the psychometric properties of a shortened version of the KICA (Kimberley Indigenous Cognitive Assessment)

Aim: To describe the development and psychometric properties of the KICA (Kimberley Indigenous Cognitive Assessment) Screen.; Methods: A short 10-item version of the KICA, the KICA screen was developed from original data of 363 Aboriginal people. The KICA Screen was subsequently independently validated in a non-random sample of 55 people living in Northern Queensland.; Results: […]

A structural multidisciplinary approach to depression management in nursing-home residents: a multicentre, stepped-wedge cluster-randomised trial

Background: Depression in nursing-home residents is often under-recognised. We aimed to establish the effectiveness of a structural approach to its management.; Methods: Between May 15, 2009, and April 30, 2011, we undertook a multicentre, stepped-wedge cluster-randomised trial in four provinces of the Netherlands. A network of nursing homes was invited to enrol one dementia and […]

Evaluation of a computer-assisted errorless learning-based memory training program for patients with early Alzheimer’s disease in Hong Kong: a pilot study

Background: Improving the situation in older adults with cognitive decline and evidence of cognitive rehabilitation is considered crucial in long-term care of the elderly. The objective of this study was to implement a computerized errorless learning-based memory training program (CELP) for persons with early Alzheimer’s disease, and to compare the training outcomes of a CELP […]

Time until incident dementia among Medicare beneficiaries using centrally acting or non-centrally acting ACE inhibitors

Background: Centrally active (CA) angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) are able to cross the blood–brain barrier. Small observational studies and mouse models suggest that use of CA versus non-CA ACEIs is associated with a reduced incidence of Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias (ADRD).; Objective: The aim of this research was to assess the effect of CA […]

Prevalence of malnutrition, interventions and quality indicators in German nursing homes – first results of a nationwide pilot study

Aim Of the Study: The aims of this study were to test the transfer and feasibility of a Dutch annual survey on malnutrition into German nursing homes and to gather first data about the prevalence of malnutrition, treatment and quality indicators in German resident homes.; Methods: A cross-sectional multicentre study, using a standardised multilevel instrument […]

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