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This database contains 12 studies, archived under the term: "photic stimulation"

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Working memory capacity and its relation to stroop interference and facilitation effects in individuals with mild cognitive impairment

Purpose: The purposes of the study were to investigate (a) the task-specific differences in short-term memory (STM) and working memory capacity (WMC) in individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and normal elderly adults (NEAs), (b) the Stroop interference and facilitation effects, and (c) the relationship of STM and WMC to the Stroop effects.; Method: Thirty-two […]

Enhancing the salience of fluency improves recognition memory performance in mild Alzheimer’s disease

Recognition memory can rely on recollection (recall of the details from the encoding episode) and familiarity (feeling that some information is old without any recollection). In Alzheimer’s disease (AD), where there is a clear deficit of recollection, the evidence regarding familiarity is mixed, with some studies showing preserved familiarity and others reporting impairment. The current […]

Reduction of hippocampal hyperactivity improves cognition in amnestic mild cognitive impairment

Elevated hippocampal activation is observed in conditions that confer risk for Alzheimer’s disease, including amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). Studies in relevant animal models have indicated that overactivity in selective hippocampal circuits contributes to cognitive impairment. Here, we tested the effect of reducing hippocampal activation in aMCI. Under placebo treatment, hippocampal activation in the dentate […]

Visual evoked potentials to pattern, motion and cognitive stimuli in Alzheimer’s disease

The aim of our study was to verify reported visual dysfunctions of patients with Alzheimer disease with the use of several variants of VEPs and visual ERPs and to learn whether these methods can be useful in diagnostics of AD. We tested 15 patients (6 women and 9 men, aged from 58 to 87) with […]

Effects of cholinesterase inhibitors on visual attention in drivers with Alzheimer disease

Objective: We conducted a combined observational cohort and case-control study in patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) to assess the effects of acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (ChEI) treatment on cognitive functions important for driving.; Methods: Performance of 24 outpatients with newly diagnosed (untreated) early-stage AD was compared before beginning ChEI (pre-ChEI) and after 3 months of therapy (post-ChEI) […]

Evaluations of dementia by EEG frequency analysis and psychological examination

In order to evaluate the stage of dementia, we focused attention on EEG rhythms and Hasegawa-dementia-rating scale (HDS-R). Frontal EEGs were recorded from dementia patients and normal controls during music and photo-image stimulations, and frequency analysis was performed. In the controls, profiles of rhythm pattern during music stimulation seemed to be markedly different from those […]

A randomized controlled trial of cognitive training using a visual speed of processing intervention in middle aged and older adults

Background: Age-related cognitive decline is common and may lead to substantial difficulties and disabilities in everyday life. We hypothesized that 10 hours of visual speed of processing training would prevent age-related declines and potentially improve cognitive processing speed.; Methods: Within two age bands (50-64 and ≥ 65) 681 patients were randomized to (a) three computerized […]

Cognitive rehabilitation changes memory-related brain activity in people with Alzheimer disease

Background: People with Alzheimer disease (AD) are capable of new learning when cognitive support is provided, suggesting that there is plasticity even in a degenerating brain. However, it is unclear how a cognition-focused intervention operates on a neural level.; Objective: The present study examined the effects of cognitive rehabilitation (CR) on memory-related brain activation in […]

Technology-based orientation programs to support indoor travel by persons with moderate Alzheimer’s disease: impact assessment and social validation

The present study (a) extended the assessment of an orientation program involving auditory cues (i.e., verbal messages automatically presented from the destinations) with five patients with Alzheimer’s disease, (b) compared the effects of this program with those of a program with light cues (i.e., a program in which strobe lights were used instead of the […]

Are two methods better than one? Evaluating the effectiveness of combining errorless learning with vanishing cues

A growing trend in memory rehabilitation is to combine learning principles to enhance treatment effects. While this makes intuitive sense, little is known about the added value of incorporating each method. A further complication is that some interventions, although primarily based on one learning principle, actually incorporate several, which again adds to the difficulty in […]

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