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This database contains 7 studies, archived under the term: "older adults"

Treino de memória episódica com ênfase em categorização para idosos sem demência e depressão. = Episodic memory training with emphasis on categorization for older adults without dementia and depression

Aging may lead to cognitive changes, especially in memory. Yet, research suggests that older adults may improve memory performance after training. The present study aimed at evaluating the effects of episodic memory training offered to healthy Brazilian older adults. Fifty seven participants were randomly divided into control group (COG = 26) and experimental group (EXG […]

Effect of physical activity on cognitive function in older adults at risk for Alzheimer disease: A randomized trial

Context: Many observational studies have shown that physical activity reduces the risk of cognitive decline; however, evidence from randomized trials is lacking. Objective: To determine whether physical activity reduces the rate of cognitive decline among older adults at risk. Design and Setting: Randomized controlled trial of a 24-week physical activity intervention conducted between 2004 and […]

The effect of expressive and instrumental touch on the behavior states of older adults with late-stage dementia of the Alzheimer’s type and on music therapist’s perceived rapport

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of music therapy interventions utilizing two types of touch, expressive touch and instrumental touch, on the behavior states of older adults who have late-stage dementia of the Alzheimer’s type. A secondary purpose of this study was to examine the perceived effectiveness of the music therapist […]

Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and Alzheimer’s disease progression in older adults: results from the Réseau sur la Maladie d’Alzheimer Français cohort

Objectives: To assess whether angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I) treatment is associated with less cognitive decline in older adults with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) than in those using other hypertensive or no drugs.; Design: Four-year prospective multicenter cohort study with a biannual assessment.; Setting: Memory clinics from 16 university hospitals in France.; Participants: Community-dwelling older adults with […]

Long-term metformin usage and cognitive function among older adults with diabetes

Evidence strongly supports the important role of insulin resistance in cognitive decline and dementia and suggests that insulin sensitizers may protect against cognitive decline in diabetic and pre-diabetic individuals. Inconclusive results have been reported in clinical trials of rosiglitazone, an insulin sensitizer that also increases cardiovascular mortality risks. No study has yet reported a protective […]

Effectiveness of cognitive training for Chinese elderly in Hong Kong

In Hong Kong, the evidence for cognitive-training programs in fighting against memory complaints is lacking. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the Active Mind cognitive-training program in improving the cognitive function and quality of life (QoL) for local community-dwelling Chinese older adults. A total of 200 subjects were recruited from 20 different district […]

Problem adaptation therapy for older adults with major depression and cognitive impairment: A randomized clinical trial

IMPORTANCE: Problem adaptation therapy (PATH) is a treatment for older adults with major depression, cognitive impairment (from mild cognitive deficits to moderate dementia), and disability. Antidepressants have limited efficacy in this population and psychosocial interventions are inadequately investigated. OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy of 12-week PATH vs supportive therapy for cognitively impaired patients (ST-CI) in […]

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