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This database contains 39 studies, archived under the term: "neuroprotective agents"

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Treatment with Huperzine A improves cognition in vascular dementia patients

Unlabelled: In the present study, we tested the efficacy and safety of Huperzine A in treatment of mild to moderate vascular dementia (VaD). This was a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study with 78 patients with mild to moderate VaD. The participants were randomized to receive either vitamin C (100-mg bid) as placebo (n = 39) or […]

Study of the effects of vinpocetin on cognitive functions

Introduction: Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion is a risk factor for the development of certain types of dementia. Mild cognitive impairment is a stage of predementia condition, because the symptoms are similar but not as severe as the symptoms in patients with dementia. Vinpocetine, due to its complex mechanism of action, has an important role in the […]

Transdermal is better than oral: observational research of the satisfaction of caregivers of patients with Alzheimer’s disease treated with rivastigmine

Background and Aims: Poor adherence to anti-dementia drugs is common among patients with Alzheimer’s disease. This study evaluated whether caregivers were more satisfied with, and patients more adherent to, transdermal rivastigmine than oral rivastigmine.; Methods: Neurologists, psychiatrists and geriatricians collected sociodemographic and clinical data from 1,078 patients and administered the Treatment Satisfaction with Medicines (SATMED-Q) […]

Memantine prevents hypoglycemia-induced decrements of the cerebral energy status in healthy subjects

Context: The risk to develop dementia is significantly increased in diabetes mellitus. Memantine, an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, which is clinically applied in dementia, has been shown to exert neuroprotective effects under hypoglycemic conditions in rats.; Objective: We hypothesized that memantine may prevent hypoglycemia-induced decrements in the cerebral high-energy phosphate, i.e. ATP, metabolism to exert its […]

Effects of body weight on tolerability of rivastigmine transdermal patch: a post-hoc analysis of a double-blind trial in patients with Alzheimer disease

The rationale for the development of the rivastigmine transdermal patch was to improve upon an efficacious therapy by mitigating certain adverse events, such as nausea and vomiting. This may be particularly important in Alzheimer disease patients with low body weights, who may be more susceptible to these adverse events. This analysis compared the effect of […]

Influence of lithium treatment on GDNF serum and CSF concentrations in patients with early Alzheimer’s disease

Preclinical and clinical studies gave evidence that lithium could be useful in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). One possible mechanism of action might be the induction of neurotrophins. Recently, we found a significant increase of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) serum levels in AD patients treated with lithium and a significant decrease of ADAS Cog […]

A phase II trial of huperzine A in mild to moderate Alzheimer disease

Objective: Huperzine A is a natural cholinesterase inhibitor derived from the Chinese herb Huperzia serrata that may compare favorably in symptomatic efficacy to cholinesterase inhibitors currently in use for Alzheimer disease (AD).; Methods: We assessed the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of huperzine A in mild to moderate AD in a multicenter trial in which 210 […]

Dose effects associated with rivastigmine transdermal patch in patients with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer’s disease

Aim: The cholinesterase inhibitor rivastigmine is available in both oral and transdermal forms. The efficacy of oral rivastigmine appears to be dose-dependent. The current analysis investigates the effect of dose on the efficacy of the rivastigmine transdermal patch.; Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of a large, international, 24-week, randomised, placebo- and active-controlled trial (IDEAL, […]

Impact of rivastigmine patch and capsules on activities of daily living in Alzheimer’s disease

Background: Rivastigmine patches provide similar efficacy to rivastigmine capsules with a lower incidence of gastrointestinal side effects in patients with probable Alzheimer’s disease (AD).; Methods: Post hoc analysis of a 24-week, prospective, international, randomized, double-blind, placebo- and active-controlled trial. Patients (n = 892) with probable AD received rivastigmine transdermal patches (9.5 mg/24 hours [10 cm(2)]), […]

Effects of AZD3480 on cognition in patients with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer’s disease: a phase IIb dose-finding study

AZD3480 is a selective agonist of the central α4β2 and α2β2 neuronal nicotinic cholinergic receptors (NNRs). Its effects on cognition were investigated in 567 patients with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer’s disease (AD) (Mini Mental State Examination [MMSE] 12-26). Mean baseline MMSE was 21 (SD ± 3.7), with 61% of patients having mild disease (MMSE 21-26). Mean age […]

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