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This database contains 26 studies, archived under the term: "motor activity"

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Cognitive intervention response is related to habitual physical activity in older adults

Background and Aims: This study analysed the associations between physical activity and the effects of cognitive training on perceived cognitive functioning and life satisfaction in older adults.; Methods: A sample of 114 intervention group participants (65-89 yrs) received weekly group sessions of cognitive stimulation for two months. This sample was stratified into groups according to […]

Adherence to exercise programs and determinants of maintenance in older adults with mild cognitive impairment

After a randomized controlled trial showing that improvement on some aspects of cognitive function was related to adherence to an exercise program, determinants of adherence and maintenance were further studied. Older adults with mild cognitive impairment were contacted 6 mo after the end of exercise programs for a telephone interview addressing patterns of adherence and […]

Physical training improves motor performance in people with dementia: a randomized controlled trial

Objectives: To determine whether a specific, standardized training regimen can improve muscle strength and physical functioning in people with dementia.; Design: Double-blinded, randomized, controlled trial with 3-month intervention and 3-month follow-up period in 2006 to 2009.; Setting: Outpatient geriatric rehabilitation.; Participants: Individuals with confirmed mild to moderate dementia, no severe somatic or psychological disease, and […]

High-intensity physical activity modulates diet effects on cerebrospinal amyloid-β levels in normal aging and mild cognitive impairment

We previously showed that amyloid-β 1-42 (Aβ(42)) levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were markedly altered in response to a 4-week dietary intervention in normal aging and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Here, we re-examined the data to assess whether diet-induced effects on CSF Aβ(42) were modulated by high intensity physical activity (hi-PA). Normal older adults (n […]

The effect of regular walks on various health aspects in older people with dementia: protocol of a randomized-controlled trial

Background: Physical activity has proven to be beneficial for physical functioning, cognition, depression, anxiety, rest-activity rhythm, quality of life (QoL), activities of daily living (ADL) and pain in older people. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of walking regularly on physical functioning, the progressive cognitive decline, level of depression, anxiety, rest-activity […]

A comparison of performance-based measures of function in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders

The objectives of this study are to compare the results of newer performance-based functional assessments in the study of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) and to correlate these functional assessments with specific levels of severity of HAND. One hundred fourteen HIV+ subjects in an existing cohort were evaluated with a medical history, neurological exam, neuropsychological test […]

A randomized clinical trial of theory-based activities for the behavioral symptoms of dementia in nursing home residents

Objectives: To test the main and interactive effects of activities derived from the Need-Driven Dementia-Compromised Behavior model for responding to behavioral symptoms in nursing home residents.; Design: Randomized double-blind clinical trial.; Setting: Nine community-based nursing homes.; Participants: One hundred twenty-eight cognitively impaired residents randomly assigned to activities adjusted to functional level (FL) (n=32), personality style […]

Pridopidine for the treatment of motor function in patients with Huntington’s disease (MermaiHD): a phase 3, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Background: Huntington’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, characterised by motor, cognitive, and behavioural deficits. Pridopidine belongs to a new class of compounds known as dopaminergic stabilisers, and results from a small phase 2 study in patients with Huntington’s disease suggested that this drug might improve voluntary motor function. We aimed to assess further the […]

Activity loss is associated with cognitive decline in age-related macular degeneration

Background/methods: The objective of this study was to determine whether relinquishing cognitive, physical, and social activities is associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). We conducted a 3-year longitudinal study of 206 nondemented patients with AMD.; Results: Twenty-three subjects (14.4%) declined cognitively. Age, sex, education, decline in […]

Multisensory stimulation to improve functional performance in moderate to severe dementia–interim results

Dementia is a growing problem worldwide and interventions to effectively manage and promote function are urgently required. Multisensory environments (MSEs) have been used extensively with people with dementia; however, no studies have been conducted to explore the efficacy of sensory stimulation on functional performance. This study explores to what extent multisensory stimulation influences functional performance […]

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