This database contains 11 abstracts archived under the term: "independent living"
Background: Nutritional status often deteriorates in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Less is known about whether nutritional care reverses malnutrition and its harmful consequences in AD. The aim of this study is to examine whether individualized nutritional care has an effect on weight, nutrition, health, physical functioning, and quality of life in older individuals with AD and […]
Importance: The prevalence of cognitive impairment and dementia are projected to rise dramatically during the next 40 years, and strategies for maintaining cognitive function with age are critically needed. Physical or mental activity alone result in relatively small, domain-specific improvements in cognitive function in older adults; combined interventions may have more global effects.; Objective: To […]
Objectives: To test the effects of walking, light exposure, and a combination intervention (walking, light, and sleep education) on the sleep of persons with Alzheimer’s disease (AD).; Design: Randomized, controlled trial with blinded assessors.; Setting: Independent community living.; Participants: One hundred thirty-two people with AD and their in-home caregivers.; Interventions: Participants were randomly assigned to […]
Background: Assistive technology and telecare (ATT) are relatively new ways of delivering care and support to people with social care needs. It is claimed that ATT reduces the need for community care, prevents unnecessary hospital admission, and delays or prevents admission into residential or nursing care. The current economic situation in England has renewed interest […]
Background: Increasing prevalence of dementia is a major challenge for the German healthcare system. The study DelpHi-MV (“Dementia: life- and person-centered help in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania”) aims to implement and evaluate an innovative subsidiary support system for persons with dementia (PwDs) living at home and their caregivers.; Methods: DelpHi-MV is a GP-based cluster randomized controlled intervention […]
Background: Besides cognitive decline, Alzheimer’s disease (AD) leads to physical disability, need for help and permanent institutional care. The trials investigating effects of exercise rehabilitation on physical functioning of home-dwelling older dementia patients are still scarce. The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of intensive exercise rehabilitation lasting for one year on […]
Background: Discordance between patient- and caregiver-reported quality of life (QoL) is well recognized. This study sought to (i) identify predictors of discrepancy between patient- and caregiver-rated QoL amongst community-dwelling persons with mild-to-moderate dementia, and (ii) differentiate between patients who systematically rate their QoL lower versus those who rate their QoL higher relative to their caregiver […]
Background: Neuropsychological tests, including tests of language ability, are frequently used to differentiate normal from pathological cognitive aging. However, language can be particularly difficult to assess in a standardized manner in cross-cultural studies and in patients from different educational and cultural backgrounds. This study examined the effects of age, gender, education and race on performance […]
Objectives: To assess whether a dementia care coordination intervention delays time to transition from home and reduces unmet needs in elders with memory disorders.; Design: 18-month randomized controlled trial of 303 community-living elders.; Setting: 28 postal code areas of Baltimore, MD.; Participants: Age 70+ years, with a cognitive disorder, community-living, English-speaking, and having a study […]
Importance: Few rigorous clinical trials have investigated the effectiveness of exercise on the physical functioning of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD).; Objectives: To investigate the effects of intense and long-term exercise on the physical functioning and mobility of home-dwelling patients with AD and to explore its effects on the use and costs of health and […]
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