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This database contains 17 studies, archived under the term: "genotype"

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Rosiglitazone monotherapy in mild-to-moderate Alzheimer’s disease: results from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III study

Background/aims: A phase II study of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ agonist rosiglitazone extended release (RSG XR) in mild-to-moderate Alzheimer’s disease (AD) detected a treatment benefit to cognition in apolipoprotein E(APOE)-ε4-negative subjects. The current phase III study with prospective stratification by APOE genotype was conducted to confirm the efficacy and safety of RSG XR in mild-to-moderate […]

Updated clinical diagnostic criteria for sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Several molecular subtypes of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease have been identified and electroencephalogram and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers have been reported to support clinical diagnosis but with variable utility according to subtype. In recent years, a series of publications have demonstrated a potentially important role for magnetic resonance imaging in the pre-mortem diagnosis of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. […]

Midlife cardiovascular risk factors and late cognitive impairment

Cardiovascular risk factors increase the risk of dementia in later life. The aims of the current study were to assess the effect of multiple midlife cardiovascular risk factors on the risk of cognitive impairment in later life, and to assess the validity of the previously suggested CAIDE Study risk score predicting dementia risk 20 years later. […]

Genetic variation in galectin-3 gene associates with cognitive function at old age

Inflammation plays an important role in the development of cognitive decline and dementia in old age. Galectin-3 is known for its role in acute and chronic inflammation. We assessed whether genetic variation in the LGALS3 gene, encoding for galectin-3, associates with cognitive function in the 5804 participants of the PROspective Study of Pravastatin in the […]

Prediction of dementia in primary care patients

Background: Current approaches for AD prediction are based on biomarkers, which are however of restricted availability in primary care. AD prediction tools for primary care are therefore needed. We present a prediction score based on information that can be obtained in the primary care setting.; Methodology/principal Findings: We performed a longitudinal cohort study in 3.055 […]

Accelerated cell aging in female APOE-ε4 carriers: implications for hormone therapy use

Apolipoprotein-ε4 (APOE-ε4) is a major genetic risk factor for cognitive decline, Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and early mortality. An accelerated rate of biological aging could contribute to this increased risk. Here, we determined whether APOE-ε4 status impacts leukocyte telomere length (TL) and the rate of cellular senescence in healthy mid-life women and, further, whether hormone replacement […]

Hand motor activity, cognition, mood, and the rest-activity rhythm in dementia: a clustered RCT

Background: Physical activity such as walking may exert a positive impact on cognition and behaviour in older persons with dementia, but due to the frailty of the population it may be worthwhile to consider other motor activities as well.; Objective: Examining the effects of hand motor activity on cognition, mood and the rest-activity rhythm in […]

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