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This database contains 148 studies, archived under the term: "epidemiology"

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Tea Consumption and Cognitive Impairment: A Cross-Sectional Study among Chinese Elderly

Background: Laboratorial and epidemiological researches suggested that tea exhibited potential neuroprotective effect which may prevent cognitive impairment, but there were few data among the elderly aged 60 years and above in China.; Objective: The objective was to explore the relationship between characteristics of tea consumption and cognitive impairment.; Design: We analyzed the baseline data from […]

De invloed van Dementia Care Mapping (DCM) op moeilijk hanteerbaar gedrag van mensen met dementie en de arbeidstevredenheid van verzorgenden: Een pilotstudie. = The influence of Dementia Care Mapping (DCM) on behavioural problems of persons with dementia and the job satisfaction of caregivers: A pilot study

The prevalence of behavioural problems in nursing home residents with dementia is high. Knowledge based on practical experiences suggests that problems diminish when caregivers are better able to recognize and acknowledge the individual psychosocial needs of residents. Dementia Care Mapping (DCM) is a method designed to support caregivers in providing person centered care. After implementing […]

Ginkgo biloba prevention trials: More than an ounce of prevention learned

Objective: To determine effectiveness of G biloba vs placebo in reducing the incidence of all-cause dementia and Alzheimer disease (AD) in elderly individuals with normal cognition and those with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Design, Setting, and Participants: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial conducted in 5 academic medical centers in the United States between 2000 and […]

Cost-effectiveness of a health intervention program with risk reductions for getting demented: results of a Markov model in a Swedish/Finnish setting

Risk scores based on modifiable factors have recently been developed for dementia. This study aims to estimate the cost-effectiveness of a potential preventive intervention program meant to lower the score related to increased dementia risk. Analyses were based on a Markov model adapted to Swedish circumstances. Risk score categories and risk probabilities were derived from […]

The effect of a pre- and post-operative orthogeriatric service on cognitive function in patients with hip fracture. The protocol of the Oslo Orthogeriatrics Trial

Background: Hip fractures mainly affect older people. It is associated with high morbidity and mortality, and in particular a high frequency of delirium. Incident delirium following hip fracture is associated with an increased risk of dementia in the following months, but it is still not firmly established whether this is an association or a causal […]

Preventing disruptive behavior of nursing home residents

Disruptive behavior is an increasing challenge for professional care in nursing homes. It frequently accompanies dementia, which is one of the most common chronic illnesses among the residents. Nursing homes are, therefore, subject to a high accumulation of problems due to behavior with risk potential. However, usual nursing interventions are often limited to restrictions in […]

Dietary antioxidants and dementia in a population-based case-control study among older people in South Germany

Oxidative stress is believed to play a central role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), a neurodegenerative disease. Antioxidants may prevent the onset AD as high dietary intake of vitamin C and E were reported to be associated with lower risk of the disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate the serum […]

Screening cognition in the elderly with metabolic syndrome

Background: Metabolic syndrome reaches its highest prevalence in the elderly, and evidence suggests that metabolic syndrome could be an independent risk factor for cognitive impairment. The aims of this study were to detect whether patients with metabolic syndrome have lower cognition and to investigate whether there is a relationship with cognition and single metabolic syndrome […]

The prevalence of dementia and depression in Taiwanese institutionalized leprosy patients, and the effectiveness evaluation of reminiscence therapy–a longitudinal, single-blind, randomized control study

Objective: This study investigated the prevalence of depression and dementia in long-term institutionalized older leprosy patients in Taiwan. We then examined the effectiveness of reminiscence group therapy on depressive symptoms and cognitive function in this population.; Methods: We recruited 129 long-term institutionalized older leprosy patients in Taiwan and used the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form (GDS-SF), […]

Mild to moderate cognitive impairment is a major risk factor for mortality and nursing home admission in the first year after hip fracture

Background: It is not well established if and to what extent mild to moderate cognitive impairment predicts mortality and risk of nursing home admission after hip fracture.; Objective: To investigate prospectively whether and to what extent mild to moderate cognitive impairment, contributes to mortality and admission to nursing home in the first year after acute […]

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