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This database contains 3 studies, archived under the term: "down syndrome"

Memantine for dementia in adults older than 40 years with Down’s syndrome (MEADOWS): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Background: Prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease in people with Down’s syndrome is very high, and many such individuals who are older than 40 years have pathological changes characteristic of Alzheimer’s disease. Evidence to support treatment with Alzheimer’s drugs is inadequate, although memantine is beneficial in transgenic mice. We aimed to assess safety and efficacy of memantine […]

Toward onset prevention of cognitive decline in adults with Down syndrome (the TOP-COG study): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Background: Early-onset dementia is common in Down syndrome adults, who have trisomy 21. The amyloid precursor protein gene is on chromosome 21, and so is over-expressed in Down syndrome, leading to amyloid β (Aβ) over-production, a major upstream pathway leading to Alzheimer disease (AD). Statins (microsomal 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors), have pleiotropic effects including […]

Down syndrome and dementia: a randomized, controlled trial of antioxidant supplementation

Individuals with Down syndrome over age 40 years are at risk for developing dementia of the Alzheimer type and have evidence for chronic oxidative stress. There is a paucity of treatment trials for dementia in Down syndrome in comparison to Alzheimer disease in the general (non-Down syndrome) population. This 2-year randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial assessed […]

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