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This database contains 11 studies, archived under the term: "diagnostic"

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Ageing in general practice (AGP) trial: a cluster randomised trial to examine the effectiveness of peer education on GP diagnostic assessment and management of dementia

Background: Dementia is increasing in prevalence as the population ages. An earlier rather than later diagnosis allows persons with dementia and their families to plan ahead and access appropriate management. However, most diagnoses are made by general practitioners (GPs) later in the course of the disease and are associated with management that is poorly adherent […]

Diagnostic accuracy of the Phototest for cognitive impairment and dementia in Argentina

Phototest is a simple, easy and very brief test with theoretical advantages over available dementia screening tests in Spain. The objective of this study was to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of the Phototest for cognitive impairment and dementia and to compare it with that of the MMSE and the Clock Drawing Test (CDT) in an […]

3D comparison of low, intermediate, and advanced hippocampal atrophy in MCI

We applied the hippocampal radial atrophy mapping technique to the baseline and follow-up magnetic resonance image data of 169 amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) participants in the imaging arm of the Alzheimer’s Disease Cooperative Study MCI Donepezil/Vitamin E trial. Sixty percent of the subjects with none to mild hippocampal atrophy rated with the visual medial […]

Economic evaluation of an integrated diagnostic approach for psychogeriatric patients: results of a randomized controlled trial

Context: Because of the increasing number of elderly people with dementia, the costs of dementia and dementia care are expected to grow rapidly in the coming decades. Cost-effectiveness results are relevant for decision making about new strategies in dementia care.; Objective: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of an integrated multidisciplinary diagnostic facility for diagnosing dementia in […]

Computer-assisted system for diagnosis of Alzheimer disease using data base- independent estimation and fluorodeoxyglucose- positron-emission tomography and 3D-stereotactic surface projection

Background and Purpose: Recently, voxel-based statistical parametric images have been developed as additional diagnostic tools for AD. However these methods require the generation of a data base of healthy brain images. The purpose of this study was to produce and evaluate an automatic method using a data base-independent estimation system for the diagnosis of mild […]

Prospective flutemetamol positron emission tomography and histopathology in normal pressure hydrocephalus

Unlabelled: BACKGOUND/OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of association between uptake of the amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) imaging agent [(18)F]flutemetamol and the level of amyloid-β measured by immunohistochemical and histochemical staining in a frontal cortical region biopsy site.; Methods: Seventeen patients with probable normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) underwent prospective [(18)F]flutemetamol PET and subsequent frontal cortical […]

A validity study of the Working Group’s Autobiographical Memory Test for individuals with moderate to severe intellectual disability

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the validity of the Working Group’s Autobiographical Memory Test as a dementia screening tool for individuals with moderate to severe intellectual disabilities (ID). Twenty-one participants with Dementia of Alzheimer’s Type (DAT) and moderate to severe ID and 42 controls with similar levels of ID were tested. […]

Impact of molecular imaging on the diagnostic process in a memory clinic

Background: [(11)C]Pittsburgh compound B ([(11)C]PIB) and [(18)F]-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ([(18)F]FDG) PET measure fibrillar amyloid-β load and glucose metabolism, respectively. We evaluated the impact of these tracers on the diagnostic process in a memory clinic population.; Methods: One hundred fifty-four patients underwent paired dynamic [(11)C]PIB and static [(18)F]FDG PET scans shortly after completing a standard dementia screening. Two-year […]

Predicting AD conversion: comparison between prodromal AD guidelines and computer assisted PredictAD tool

Purpose: To compare the accuracies of predicting AD conversion by using a decision support system (PredictAD tool) and current research criteria of prodromal AD as identified by combinations of episodic memory impairment of hippocampal type and visual assessment of medial temporal lobe atrophy (MTA) on MRI and CSF biomarkers.; Methods: Altogether 391 MCI cases (158 […]

Potential impact of amyloid imaging on diagnosis and intended management in patients with progressive cognitive decline

Florbetapir F18 has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for in vivo assessment of amyloid pathology in patients undergoing evaluation for Alzheimer disease (AD). The aim of this study was to determine the impact of amyloid imaging on the diagnoses and management of patients undergoing evaluation for cognitive decline. Patients were recruited to […]

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