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This database contains 283 studies, archived under the term: "diagnosis"

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Does the Clock Drawing Test predict dementia? Results of the Leipzig Longitudinal Study of the Aged (LEILA 75+)

Background/Aims: Conversion rates to dementia are known to be high for patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), but the diagnosis of MCI is very time-consuming. Since the Clock Drawing Test (CDT) is quick to administer, it will be of interest to compare the predictive validity of the CDT and of an MCI diagnosis for the […]

FMRI connectivity analysis of acupuncture effects on the whole brain network in mild cognitive impairment patients

The increased risk for the elderly with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to progress to Alzheimer’s disease makes it an appropriate condition for investigation. While the use of acupuncture as a complementary therapeutic method for treating MCI is popular in certain parts of the world, the underlying mechanism is still elusive. We sought to investigate the […]

Differences in verbal memory performance in postmenopausal women receiving hormone therapy: 17β-estradiol versus conjugated equine estrogens

Objective: Much controversy exists and many questions remain unanswered about the effects of hormone therapy (HT) on cognition in postmenopausal women. There is growing evidence suggesting that HT compounds containing conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) have negative effects on cognition whereas 17β-estradiol (17β-E) either has positive or neutral effects. The present study sought to further examine […]

Screening cognition in the elderly with metabolic syndrome

Background: Metabolic syndrome reaches its highest prevalence in the elderly, and evidence suggests that metabolic syndrome could be an independent risk factor for cognitive impairment. The aims of this study were to detect whether patients with metabolic syndrome have lower cognition and to investigate whether there is a relationship with cognition and single metabolic syndrome […]

Improving person-centred care in nursing homes through dementia-care mapping: design of a cluster-randomised controlled trial

Background: The effectiveness and efficiency of nursing-home dementia care are suboptimal: there are high rates of neuropsychiatric symptoms among the residents and work-related stress among the staff. Dementia-care mapping is a person-centred care method that may alleviate both the resident and the staff problems. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness […]

Conservative versus surgical management of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: a prospective double-blind randomized controlled trial: study protocol

There is no level I evidence to indicate whether placement of a shunt is effective in the management of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH), because no trial has as yet compared the placement of a shunt versus no shunt in a randomized controlled manner. We started recruiting patients into a prospective double-blind randomized controlled study […]

Cognitive intervention response is related to habitual physical activity in older adults

Background and Aims: This study analysed the associations between physical activity and the effects of cognitive training on perceived cognitive functioning and life satisfaction in older adults.; Methods: A sample of 114 intervention group participants (65-89 yrs) received weekly group sessions of cognitive stimulation for two months. This sample was stratified into groups according to […]

Working memory capacity and its relation to stroop interference and facilitation effects in individuals with mild cognitive impairment

Purpose: The purposes of the study were to investigate (a) the task-specific differences in short-term memory (STM) and working memory capacity (WMC) in individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and normal elderly adults (NEAs), (b) the Stroop interference and facilitation effects, and (c) the relationship of STM and WMC to the Stroop effects.; Method: Thirty-two […]

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for anxiety in people with dementia: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Background: Many people with dementia experience anxiety, which can lead to decreased independence, relationship difficulties and increased admittance to care homes. Anxiety is often treated with antipsychotic medication, which has limited efficacy and serious side effects. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is widely used to treat anxiety in a range of populations, yet no RCTs on […]

Wavelet coherence model for diagnosis of Alzheimer disease

This article presents a wavelet coherence investigation of electroencephalograph (EEG) readings acquired from patients with Alzheimer disease (AD)  and healthy controls. Pairwise electrode wavelet coherence is calculated over each frequency band (delta, theta, alpha, and beta). For comparing the synchronization fraction of 2 EEG signals, a wavelet coherence fraction is proposed which is defined as […]

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