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This database contains 7 studies, archived under the term: "cognitive decline"

Treatment of vascular risk factors is associated with slower decline in Alzheimer disease

Background: There is growing evidence that vascular risk factors (VRF) contribute to cognitive decline. Whether their treatment can slow down the progression of Alzheimer disease (AD) remains unsettled. The aim of this observational study was to evaluate whether the treatment of VRF is associated with a slower cognitive decline in patients who have AD without […]

English longitudinal study of aging: Can Internet/E-mail use reduce cognitive decline?

Background: Cognitive decline is a major risk factor for disability, dementia, and death. The use of Internet/E-mail, also known as digital literacy, might decrease dementia incidence among the older population. The aim was to investigate whether digital literacy might be associated with decreased cognitive decline in older adulthood. Methods: Data from the English Longitudinal Study […]

Physical activity and cognitive functioning in the oldest old: Within- and between-person cognitive activity and psychosocial mediators

The current study examines the role of social contact intensity, cognitive activity, and depressive symptoms as within- and between-person mediators for the relationships between physical activity and cognitive functioning. All three types of mediators were considered simultaneously using multilevel structural equations modeling with longitudinal data. The sample consisted of 470 adults ranging from 79.37 to […]

Cilostazol add-on therapy in patients with mild dementia receiving donepezil: A retrospective study

Goal: Combinatorial therapy directed at both vascular and neurodegenerative aspects of dementia may offer a promising strategy for treatment of dementia, which often has a multifactorial basis in the elderly. We investigated whether the phosphodiesterase III inhibitor cilostazol, which is often used in the prevention of stroke and peripheral artery disease, may delay cognitive decline […]

Comparing the efficacy and safety of Crocus sativus L. With memantine in patients with moderate to severe Alzheimer’s disease: A double‐blind randomized clinical trial

Objectives Limited pharmacological options are available for the management of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in severe stages. Cognitive‐enhancing properties of saffron, the dried stigma of Crocus sativus L., have been evidenced in different studies. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of saffron extract versus memantine in reducing cognitive deterioration of patients with moderate to […]

Cognitive changes in mild cognitive impairment patients with impaired visual recognition memory

Objective: This study aims to evaluate whether assessing memory using the visual recognition memory task DMS48 in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) can contribute to the early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). In an 18-month follow-up study, we assessed if longitudinal change in aMCI patients who failed on the DMS48 differs from that of patients […]

Mental and physical activities delay cognitive decline in older persons with dementia

Objectives: To examine the effects of cognitive stimulation (mahjong) and physical exercise (tai chi [TC]) on cognitive performance in persons with dementia.; Design: Cluster-randomized open-label controlled design.; Setting: Nursing homes.; Participants: One hundred ten residents, most of whom were cholinesterase-inhibitor naive. Inclusion criteria were Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) = 10-24 and suffering from at least very mild […]

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