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This database contains 250 studies, archived under the term: "cognition"

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Would older adults with mild cognitive impairment adhere to and benefit from a structured lifestyle activity intervention to enhance cognition?: a cluster randomized controlled trial

Background: Epidemiologic evidence suggests that cognitive and physical activities are associated with better cognition in late life. The present study was conducted to examine the possible benefits of four structured lifestyle activity interventions and compare their effectiveness in optimizing cognition for older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).; Method and Findings: This was a 12-month […]

The PACE study: a randomized clinical trial of cognitive activity strategy training for older people with mild cognitive impairment

Objective: The role of cognition-focused interventions in reducing cognitive decline in older people remains uncertain. This study aimed to clarify whether a group cognitive activity (CA) strategy-training program would decrease the 2-year rate of cognitive decline of people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).; Design: Randomized controlled trial.; Setting: One study site.; Participants: 160 older adults […]

Evaluating rivastigmine in mild-to-moderate Parkinson’s disease dementia using ADAS-cog items

Rivastigmine has been shown to improve cognition in patients with Parkinson’s disease dementia (PDD). To further explore the impact of anticholinesterase therapy on PDD, Alzheimer’s Disease Assessment Scale—cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) items were assessed in a retrospective analysis of a 24-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of rivastigmine. Mean changes from baseline at week 24 were calculated for […]

Vitamins B₁₂, B₆, and folic acid for cognition in older men

[Correction Notice: An erratum for this article was reported in Vol 77(8) of Neurology (see record [rid]2011-21984-022[/rid]). In the original article, the daily dose of vitamin B12 used in the trial was reported as 400 μg, but it should have been 500 μg.] Objective: To investigate whether supplementing older men with vitamins B12, B6, and […]

Effect of physical activity on cognitive function in older adults at risk for Alzheimer disease: A randomized trial

Context: Many observational studies have shown that physical activity reduces the risk of cognitive decline; however, evidence from randomized trials is lacking. Objective: To determine whether physical activity reduces the rate of cognitive decline among older adults at risk. Design and Setting: Randomized controlled trial of a 24-week physical activity intervention conducted between 2004 and […]

Ginkgo biloba prevention trials: More than an ounce of prevention learned

Objective: To determine effectiveness of G biloba vs placebo in reducing the incidence of all-cause dementia and Alzheimer disease (AD) in elderly individuals with normal cognition and those with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Design, Setting, and Participants: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial conducted in 5 academic medical centers in the United States between 2000 and […]

Effects of a controlled trial of aerobic exercise for mild cognitive impairment: A controlled trial

Objectives: To examine the effects of aerobic exercise on cognition and other biomarkers associated with Alzheimer disease pathology for older adults with mild cognitive impairment, and assess the role of sex as a predictor of response. Design: Six-month, randomized, controlled, clinical trial. Setting: Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System clinical research unit. Participants: Thirty-three […]

Mild cognitive impairment disease treated with electroacupuncture: a multi-center randomized controlled trial

Objective: To verify the clinical efficacy on mild cognitive impairment (MCI) treated with electroacupuncture (EA) intervention based on the principle as “promoting the circulation of the Governor Vessel and regulating the marrow” and plan to provide the A-grade evidence of the evidence-based medicine for the clinical treatment of this disease with acupuncture and moxibustion.; Methods: […]

Treatment with Huperzine A improves cognition in vascular dementia patients

Unlabelled: In the present study, we tested the efficacy and safety of Huperzine A in treatment of mild to moderate vascular dementia (VaD). This was a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study with 78 patients with mild to moderate VaD. The participants were randomized to receive either vitamin C (100-mg bid) as placebo (n = 39) or […]

Effects of telmisartan on the level of Aβ1-42, interleukin-1β, tumor necrosis factor α and cognition in hypertensive patients with Alzheimer’s disease

Objective: To explore the effects of telmisartan, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ-stimulating activity, on the levels of Aβ1-42, interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and cognition in elderly hypertensive patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD).; Methods: A total of 48 patients with probable AD and essential hypertension were randomly […]

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