This database contains 33 studies, archived under the term: "chemically induced"
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Targeting Prodromal Alzheimer Disease With Avagacestat: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Importance: Early identification of Alzheimer disease (AD) is important for clinical management and affords the opportunity to assess potential disease-modifying agents in clinical trials. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a randomized trial to prospectively enrich a study population with prodromal AD (PDAD) defined by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarker criteria and mild […]
A randomized pilot clinical trial of the safety of pioglitazone in treatment of patients with Alzheimer disease
Objectives: To evaluate the safety of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonist pioglitazone in nondiabetic patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) and to explore treatment effect sizes on clinical outcomes.; Design: Double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized controlled trial of 18-month duration.; Setting: Two academic medical center outpatient clinics.; Patients: Nondiabetic patients meeting research criteria for probable AD were […]
Comparative cardiovascular safety of dementia medications: a cross-national study
Objectives: To compare the cardiovascular safety of currently marketed dementia medications in new users in the United States and Denmark.; Design: Retrospective cohort study.; Setting: Nationally representative sample of Medicare beneficiaries from 2006 through 2009 and nationwide Danish administrative registries from 1997 through 2007.; Participants: Individuals treated with a dementia medication aged 65 and older.; […]
Postmenopausal hormone therapy and subclinical cerebrovascular disease: the WHIMS-MRI Study
Objective: The Women’s Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS) hormone therapy (HT) trials reported that conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) with or without medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) increases risk for all-cause dementia and global cognitive decline. WHIMS MRI measured subclinical cerebrovascular disease as a possible mechanism to explain cognitive decline reported in WHIMS.; Methods: We contacted 2,345 women […]
Levetiracetam: a practical option for seizure management in elderly patients with cognitive impairment
Cognitive impairment and seizures are common in our aging population. Anticonvulsant treatment is problematic due to sedation, cognitive slowing, and behavioral changes. Levetiracetam has favorable pharmacokinetics, good efficacy in elderly individuals, a favorable side effect profile, and lacks major drug interactions. We conducted a prospective, uncontrolled, phase 4, open label, 12-week study of levetiracetam to […]