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This database contains 13 studies, archived under the term: "cerebral cortex"

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Effects of low versus high frequencies of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on cognitive function and cortical excitability in Alzheimer’s dementia

The aim of the study was to compare the long-term efficacy of high versus low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), applied bilaterally over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), on cognitive function and cortical excitability of patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Forty-five AD patients were randomly classified into three groups. The first two groups received […]

Effects of a 6-month cognitive intervention on brain metabolism in patients with amnestic MCI and mild Alzheimer’s disease

The effect of cognitive intervention on brain metabolism in AD is largely unexplored. Therefore, we aimed to investigate cognitive parameters and 18FDG PET to test for effects of a cognitive intervention in patients with aMCI or mild AD. Patients with aMCI (N = 24) or mild AD (N = 15) were randomly assigned either to […]

Ibuprofen treatment modifies cortical sources of EEG rhythms in mild Alzheimer’s disease

Objective: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen have a protective role on risk of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Here we evaluated the hypothesis that long-term ibuprofen treatment affects cortical sources of resting electroencephalographic (EEG) rhythms in mild AD patients.; Methods: Twenty-three AD patients (13 treated AD IBUPROFEN; 10 untreated AD PLACEBO) were enrolled. Resting EEG data […]

Responders to ChEI treatment of Alzheimer’s disease show restitution of normal regional cortical activation

Clinical trials of cholinesterase inhibitor (ChEI) drugs, although generally reporting only minimal improvements in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD), indicate that a subgroup of patients may respond substantially to treatment. This study aimed to assess the clinically variable ChEI treatment effects in a group of patients with mild AD using a semantic association and an […]

Effects of donepezil on cortical activation in mild cognitive impairment: a pilot double-blind placebo-controlled trial using functional MR imaging

Background and Purpose: Cholinesterase-inhibitor therapy is approved for treatment of Alzheimer disease; however, application in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is still under active investigation. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of such therapy on the neural substrates underlying memory processing in subjects with MCI by using functional MR imaging […]

Updated clinical diagnostic criteria for sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Several molecular subtypes of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease have been identified and electroencephalogram and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers have been reported to support clinical diagnosis but with variable utility according to subtype. In recent years, a series of publications have demonstrated a potentially important role for magnetic resonance imaging in the pre-mortem diagnosis of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. […]

Evaluations of dementia by EEG frequency analysis and psychological examination

In order to evaluate the stage of dementia, we focused attention on EEG rhythms and Hasegawa-dementia-rating scale (HDS-R). Frontal EEGs were recorded from dementia patients and normal controls during music and photo-image stimulations, and frequency analysis was performed. In the controls, profiles of rhythm pattern during music stimulation seemed to be markedly different from those […]

Magnetization transfer imaging in premanifest and manifest huntington disease: a 2-year follow-up

Background and Purpose: MTI is a quantitative MR imaging technique that has recently demonstrated structural integrity differences between controls and patients with HD. Potentially, MTI can be used as a biomarker for monitoring disease progression. To establish the value of MTI as a biomarker, we aimed to examine the change in these measures during the […]

MRI sequence findings in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

MRI has had an important role in the diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). The aim of our study was to compare the efficacy of different MRI sequences among six biopsy-proven patients with sporadic CJD (sCJD) and seven patients with probable sCJD. These 13 patients with CJD aged from 36 years to 75 years (mean age: […]

Prospective randomized trial to assess effects of continuing hormone therapy on cerebral function in postmenopausal women at risk for dementia

The objective of this study was to examine the effects of estrogen-based hormone therapy (HT) on regional cerebral metabolism in postmenopausal women (mean age = 58, SD = 5) at risk for development of dementia. The prospective clinical trial design included pre- and post-intervention neuroimaging of women randomized to continue (HT+) or discontinue (HT2) therapy […]

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