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This database contains 70 studies, archived under the term: "brain"

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Randomized controlled trial of a Healthy Brain Ageing Cognitive Training program: Effects on memory, mood, and sleep

Background: With the rise in the ageing population and absence of a cure for dementia, cost-effective prevention strategies for those ‘at risk’ of dementia including those with depression and/or mild cognitive impairment are urgently required. Objective: This study evaluated the efficacy of a multifaceted Healthy Brain Ageing Cognitive Training (HBA-CT) program for older adults ‘at […]

FMRI connectivity analysis of acupuncture effects on the whole brain network in mild cognitive impairment patients

The increased risk for the elderly with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to progress to Alzheimer’s disease makes it an appropriate condition for investigation. While the use of acupuncture as a complementary therapeutic method for treating MCI is popular in certain parts of the world, the underlying mechanism is still elusive. We sought to investigate the […]

Randomized trial of deep brain stimulation for Parkinson disease: thirty-six-month outcomes

Objectives: Our objective was to compare long-term outcomes of deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the globus pallidus interna (GPi) and subthalamic nucleus (STN) for patients with Parkinson disease (PD) in a multicenter randomized controlled trial.; Methods: Patients randomly assigned to GPi (n = 89) or STN DBS (n = 70) were followed for 36 months. […]

Increased cerebral metabolism after 1 year of deep brain stimulation in Alzheimer disease

Background: The importance of developing unique, neural circuitry-based treatments for the cognitive and neuropsychiatric symptoms of Alzheimer disease (AD) was the impetus for a phase I study of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in patients with AD that targeted the fornix.; Objective: To test the hypotheses that DBS would increase cerebral glucose metabolism in cortical and […]

Wavelet coherence model for diagnosis of Alzheimer disease

This article presents a wavelet coherence investigation of electroencephalograph (EEG) readings acquired from patients with Alzheimer disease (AD)  and healthy controls. Pairwise electrode wavelet coherence is calculated over each frequency band (delta, theta, alpha, and beta). For comparing the synchronization fraction of 2 EEG signals, a wavelet coherence fraction is proposed which is defined as […]

Effects of liraglutide on neurodegeneration, blood flow and cognition in Alzheimer´s disease – protocol for a controlled, randomized double-blinded trial

Introduction: Type 2 diabetes (DM-2) increases the risk of developing Alzheimer´s disease (AD), and patients with AD are more likely to develop DM-2. DM-2 and AD share some pathophysiological features. In AD, amyloid-β (Aβ) is accumulated as extracellular plaques in the gray matter of the brain, while in DM-2 islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) is accumulated […]

Effects of telmisartan on cognition and regional cerebral blood flow in hypertensive patients with Alzheimer’s disease

Aim: Recent studies have shown that some antihypertensive medications are associated with a significant reduction in the incidence of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, it remains uncertain whether antihypertensive drugs may have a preventive effect on cognitive decline in patients with AD. We investigated the effects of telmisartan, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker with […]

Concord grape juice supplementation and neurocognitive function in human aging

Polyphenol compounds found in berry fruits, in particular flavonoids, have been associated with health benefits including improvement in cognition and neuronal function with aging. Concord grape juice contains polyphenols, including anthocyanins and flavanols, and previous research has shown improvement in a number of human health conditions with grape juice supplementation. In the current study, older […]

Medication adherence and tolerability of Alzheimer’s disease medications: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Background: The class of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (ChEI), including donepezil, rivastigmine, and galantamine, have similar efficacy profiles in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, few studies have evaluated adherence to these agents. We sought to prospectively capture the rates and reasons for nonadherence to ChEI and determine factors influencing tolerability and adherence.; Methods/design: […]

Magnetic resonance imaging and neuropsychological results from a trial of memantine in Alzheimer’s disease

Background: This study was designed to assess changes in brain volume and cognitive abilities in memantine-treated patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) by using an exploratory, single-arm, delayed-start design.; Methods: Cholinesterase inhibitor-treated patients with AD (N = 47; Mini-Mental State Examination score range: 15-23) were enrolled in an observational lead-in period (weeks: 1-24), followed by an […]

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