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This database contains 8 studies, archived under the term: "blood supply"

Comparison of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine therapy on vascular cognitive impairment with no dementia

The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical effect of western medicine therapy assisted by Ginkgo biloba tablets (GBT) in patients with vascular cognitive impairment with no dementia (VCIND). Eighty patients with VCIND were randomly divided into two groups: the conventional treatment group (control group) and the combined treatment group. The conventional treatment […]

Reduction of hippocampal hyperactivity improves cognition in amnestic mild cognitive impairment

Elevated hippocampal activation is observed in conditions that confer risk for Alzheimer’s disease, including amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). Studies in relevant animal models have indicated that overactivity in selective hippocampal circuits contributes to cognitive impairment. Here, we tested the effect of reducing hippocampal activation in aMCI. Under placebo treatment, hippocampal activation in the dentate […]

Effects of telmisartan on cognition and regional cerebral blood flow in hypertensive patients with Alzheimer’s disease

Aim: Recent studies have shown that some antihypertensive medications are associated with a significant reduction in the incidence of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, it remains uncertain whether antihypertensive drugs may have a preventive effect on cognitive decline in patients with AD. We investigated the effects of telmisartan, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker with […]

Cognitive training changes hippocampal function in mild cognitive impairment: a pilot study

A randomized pilot experiment examined the neural substrates of response to cognitive training in participants with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Participants performed exercises previously demonstrated to improve verbal memory and an active control group performed other computer activities. An auditory-verbal fMRI task was conducted before and after the two-month training program. Verbal memory scores improved […]

Postmenopausal hormone therapy and subclinical cerebrovascular disease: the WHIMS-MRI Study

Objective: The Women’s Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS) hormone therapy (HT) trials reported that conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) with or without medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) increases risk for all-cause dementia and global cognitive decline. WHIMS MRI measured subclinical cerebrovascular disease as a possible mechanism to explain cognitive decline reported in WHIMS.; Methods: We contacted 2,345 women […]

Responders to ChEI treatment of Alzheimer’s disease show restitution of normal regional cortical activation

Clinical trials of cholinesterase inhibitor (ChEI) drugs, although generally reporting only minimal improvements in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD), indicate that a subgroup of patients may respond substantially to treatment. This study aimed to assess the clinically variable ChEI treatment effects in a group of patients with mild AD using a semantic association and an […]

Cognitive rehabilitation changes memory-related brain activity in people with Alzheimer disease

Background: People with Alzheimer disease (AD) are capable of new learning when cognitive support is provided, suggesting that there is plasticity even in a degenerating brain. However, it is unclear how a cognition-focused intervention operates on a neural level.; Objective: The present study examined the effects of cognitive rehabilitation (CR) on memory-related brain activation in […]

Congruence between NOTCH3 mutations and GOM in 131 CADASIL patients

Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is the most common hereditary subcortical vascular dementia. It is caused by mutations in NOTCH3 gene, which encodes a large transmembrane receptor Notch3. The key pathological finding is the accumulation of granular osmiophilic material (GOM), which contains extracellular domains of Notch3, on degenerating vascular smooth […]

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