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This database contains 8 studies, archived under the term: "alleles"

Effects of hormone therapy on depressive symptoms and cognitive functions in women with Alzheimer disease: a 12 month randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of low-dose estradiol and norethisterone

Objective: To elucidate the effects of low-dose 17beta-estradiol and norethisterone (hormone therapy [HT]) versus placebo in women with Alzheimer Disease (AD) on cognition, depressive symptoms, and activities of daily living.; Design: A 12-month randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, stratified by apolipoprotein E (ApoE) genotype (with versus without the epsilon4 allele), duration of education (< or =9 […]

Effect of CYP2D6*10 and APOE polymorphisms on the efficacy of donepezil in patients with Alzheimer’s disease

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of CYP2D6*10 and APOE polymorphisms on both steady-state plasma concentrations (Cp) and clinical response of donepezil in patients with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer’s disease (AD).; Methods: A total of 110 Chinese AD patients participated in this study. Patients were treated with 5 to 10 mg of […]

Serotonin transporter triallelic genotype and response to citalopram and risperidone in dementia with behavioral symptoms

The risk/benefit ratio of pharmacotherapy for behavioral symptoms of dementia is questionable: second-generation antipsychotics are poorly tolerated, and the efficacy of alternative treatments, for example, selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), is uncertain. Biomarkers of treatment response may improve this risk/benefit ratio. The length polymorphism of the serotonin transporter promoter gene (5-HTTLPR/SLC6A4) may moderate tolerability of SSRIs […]

Rosiglitazone monotherapy in mild-to-moderate Alzheimer’s disease: results from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III study

Background/aims: A phase II study of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ agonist rosiglitazone extended release (RSG XR) in mild-to-moderate Alzheimer’s disease (AD) detected a treatment benefit to cognition in apolipoprotein E(APOE)-ε4-negative subjects. The current phase III study with prospective stratification by APOE genotype was conducted to confirm the efficacy and safety of RSG XR in mild-to-moderate […]

Can leisure activities slow dementia progression in nursing home residents? A cluster-randomized controlled trial

BACKGROUND: To examine the effects of complex cognitive (mahjong) and physical (Tai Chi) activities on dementia severity in nursing home residents with dementia. METHODS: Cluster-randomized open-label controlled design. 110 residents were randomized by nursing home into three conditions: mahjong, Tai Chi, and simple handicrafts (control). Activities were conducted three times a week for 12 weeks. […]

Accelerated cell aging in female APOE-ε4 carriers: implications for hormone therapy use

Apolipoprotein-ε4 (APOE-ε4) is a major genetic risk factor for cognitive decline, Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and early mortality. An accelerated rate of biological aging could contribute to this increased risk. Here, we determined whether APOE-ε4 status impacts leukocyte telomere length (TL) and the rate of cellular senescence in healthy mid-life women and, further, whether hormone replacement […]

Mental and physical activities delay cognitive decline in older persons with dementia

Objectives: To examine the effects of cognitive stimulation (mahjong) and physical exercise (tai chi [TC]) on cognitive performance in persons with dementia.; Design: Cluster-randomized open-label controlled design.; Setting: Nursing homes.; Participants: One hundred ten residents, most of whom were cholinesterase-inhibitor naive. Inclusion criteria were Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) = 10-24 and suffering from at least very mild […]

The effect of midlife physical activity on cognitive function among older adults: AGES–Reykjavik Study

Background: There are few studies on the long-term associations of physical activity (PA) to cognition. Here, we examine the association of midlife PA to late-life cognitive function and dementia.; Methods: The sample consisted of a population-based cohort of men and women (born in 1907-1935) participating in the Age Gene/Environment Susceptibility-Reykjavik Study. The interval between the […]

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