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This database contains 17 studies, archived under the term: "accidental falls"

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The effects of a long-term care walking program on balance, falls and well-being

Background: The effects of a regular and graduated walking program as a stand-alone intervention for individuals in long-term care are unclear. Exercise and fall prevention programs typically studied in long-term care settings tend to involve more than one exercise mode, such as a combination of balance, aerobic, strengthening, and flexibility exercises; and, measures do not […]

Two-year effects of an interdisciplinary intervention on recovery following hip fracture in older Taiwanese with cognitive impairment

Objective: This article aims to evaluate the long-term effects of an interdisciplinary intervention program on cognitively impaired older persons after hip fracture in Taiwan.; Methods: Of 160 subjects randomly assigned to control (n = 81) and intervention (n  =  79) groups, 24 (29.6%) and 27 (34.2%) were cognitively impaired in the control and intervention groups, […]

Memantine for patients with Parkinson’s disease dementia or dementia with Lewy bodies: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Background: Previous studies have suggested that patients with Lewy-body-related dementias might benefit from treatment with the N-methyl D-aspartate receptor antagonist memantine, but further data are needed. Therefore, the efficacy and safety of memantine were investigated in patients with mild to moderate Parkinson’s disease dementia (PDD) or dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB).; Methods: Patients (≥50 years […]

Can a tailored exercise and home hazard reduction program reduce the rate of falls in community dwelling older people with cognitive impairment: protocol paper for the i-FOCIS randomised controlled trial

Background: The rate of falls in community dwelling older people with cognitive impairment (CI) is twice that of a cognitively intact population, with almost two thirds of people with CI falling annually. Studies indicate that exercise involving balance and/or a home hazard reduction program are effective in preventing falls in cognitively intact older people. However […]

Multifactorial fall prevention for pairs of frail community-dwelling older fallers and their informal caregivers: a dead end for complex interventions in the frailest fallers

Objective: To assess whether a multifactorial fall prevention program was more effective than usual geriatric care in preventing falls and reducing fear of falling in frail community-dwelling older fallers, with and without cognitive impairment, and in alleviating subjective caregiver burden in caregivers.; Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized, 2 parallel-group, single-blind, multicenter trial conducted in […]

Effectiveness of balance training exercise in people with mild to moderate severity Alzheimer’s disease: protocol for a randomised trial

Background: Balance dysfunction and falls are common problems in later stages of dementia. Exercise is a well-established intervention to reduce falls in cognitively intact older people, although there is limited randomised trial evidence of outcomes in people with dementia. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate whether a home-based balance exercise programme improves […]

Effects of a training of power and balance on the use of mechanical restraint among in-patients with dementia

Background: Patients with dementia are most frequently affected by mechanical restraint in psychiatric hospitals, most frequently due to falls. There is evidence for beneficial effects of a training of power and balance on the frequency of falls in residential homes.; Methods: An adapted training of power and balance was developed by specialists of training in […]

A practice-based intervention to improve primary care for falls, urinary incontinence, and dementia

Objectives: To determine whether a practice-based intervention can improve care for falls, urinary incontinence, and cognitive impairment.; Design: Controlled trial.; Setting: Two community medical groups.; Participants: Community-dwelling patients (357 at intervention sites and 287 at control sites) aged 75 and older identified as having difficulty with falls, incontinence, or cognitive impairment.; Intervention: Intervention and control […]

Incidence and prediction of falls in dementia: a prospective study in older people

Background: Falls are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in dementia, but there have been no prospective studies of risk factors for falling specific to this patient population, and no successful falls intervention/prevention trials. This prospective study aimed to identify modifiable risk factors for falling in older people with mild to moderate dementia.; Methods […]

V-TIME: a treadmill training program augmented by virtual reality to decrease fall risk in older adults: study design of a randomized controlled trial

Background: Recent work has demonstrated that fall risk can be attributed to cognitive as well as motor deficits. Indeed, everyday walking in complex environments utilizes executive function, dual tasking, planning and scanning, all while walking forward. Pilot studies suggest that a multi-modal intervention that combines treadmill training to target motor function and a virtual reality […]

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