This database contains 14 studies, archived under the term: "End of Life Care"
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Pain and distress in advanced dementia: choosing the right tools for the job
Objective: There is a concern that pain is under-recognized in dementia. However, there may be other causes of distress. We wished to evaluate the utility of a distress tool and a pain tool.; Methods: Nursing home residents with advanced dementia were observed using pain (Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia scale (PAINAD)) and distress (Disability Distress […]
Using video images to improve the accuracy of surrogate decision-making: a randomized controlled trial
Introduction: When patients are unable to make important end-of-life decisions, doctors ask surrogate decision makers to provide insight into patients’ preferences. Unfortunately, multiple studies have shown that surrogates’ knowledge of patient preferences is poor. We hypothesized that a video decision tool would improve concordance between patients and their surrogates for end-of-life preferences.; Objective: To compare […]
Hospice use and outcomes in nursing home residents with advanced dementia
Objectives: To identify characteristics of nursing home (NH) residents with advanced dementia and their healthcare proxies (HCPs) associated with hospice referral and to examine the association between hospice use and the treatment of pain and dyspnea and unmet needs during the last 7 days of life.; Design: Prospective cohort study.; Setting: Twenty-two Boston-area NHs.; Participants: […]
Quality of life in nursing home residents with advanced dementia
Objectives: To examine quality of life (QOL) in nursing home (NH) residents with advanced dementia and identify correlates of QOL near the end of life.; Design: Cross-sectional data derived from NH records, interviews with residents’ surrogate decision-makers, QOL ratings by NH caregivers, and assessment of residents’ cognitive function.; Setting: Three NHs in Maryland.; Participants: A […]