This database contains 24 studies, archived under the term: "Biological Testing"
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Amyloid-β(1-15/16) as a marker for γ-secretase inhibition in Alzheimer’s disease
Amyloid-β (Aβ) producing enzymes are key targets for disease-modifying Alzheimer’s disease (AD) therapies since Aβ trafficking is at the core of AD pathogenesis. Development of such drugs might benefit from the identification of markers indicating in vivo drug effects in the central nervous system. We have previously shown that Aβ(1-15) is produced by concerted β-and […]
Safety of lumbar puncture procedures in patients with Alzheimer’s disease
Changes in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers are representative of biochemical changes in the brain. Collection of CSF by lumbar puncture (LP) is essential for biomarker analysis, which is important for research in neurodegenerative disorders. However, LP for research purposes has been controversial due to a reported high incidence of severe LP headache when using standard […]
CSF biomarker profile and diagnostic value in vascular dementia
Background and Purpose: The differential diagnosis between vascular dementia (VD) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) or mixed dementia (MD) is not always easy in clinical practice. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers tau protein in its total (tau(T)) or hyperphosphorylated at threonin-181(tau(P-181)) form and beta amyloid peptide 1-42 […]
Urine neural thread protein measurements in Alzheimer disease
Objectives: Neural thread protein (NTP), a membrane-associated phosphoprotein, was selectively elevated in the urine of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD). To demonstrate the potential utility of urine NTP assays for the diagnosis of AD, we performed this study.; Design: A prospective blinded multicentered study.; Participants: Individuals diagnosed as having probable AD (n = 49), Parkinson’s […]
Detection of disease-associated α-synuclein in the cerebrospinal fluid: a feasibility study
With the aim to evaluate the significance and reliability of detecting disease-specific α-synuclein in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) we developed an ELISA and bead-assay. We used a commercial antibody (5G4) that does not bind to the physiological monomeric form of α-synuclein, but is highly specific for the disease-associated forms, including high molecular weight fraction of […]
ERK2 is increased in cerebrospinal fluid of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease patients
The clinical diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) can be supported by several biochemical markers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) such as 14-3-3 proteins and tau protein. Unfortunately, none of the currently known markers are suited for screening or seems to be directly related to the pathophysiological process. A marker fulfilling these criteria might facilitate the early […]