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Cortical oxygen supply during postural hypotension is further decreased in Alzheimer’s disease, but unrelated to cholinesterase-inhibitor use

Cerebrovascular function and structure of the cortical cerebral microvessels are profoundly altered in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The functional hemodynamic consequences of such changes, however, remain essentially unknown. Cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) potentially affect brain perfusion through either augmentation or inhibition of cerebral vasodilatation. This study investigated the cerebrovascular regulation during postural changes in AD […]

CSF α-synuclein concentrations do not fluctuate over hours and are not correlated to amyloid β in humans

Reports on the value of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) α-synuclein as a biomarker for dementia with Lewy bodies and Parkinson disease are contradicting. This may be explained by fluctuating CSF α-synuclein concentrations over time. Such fluctuations have been suggested for CSF amyloid β concentrations. Furthermore, a physiological relationship between α-synuclein and amyloid β has been suggested […]

Validation study of the prototype of a disease-specific index measure for health-related quality of life in dementia

Background: Index measures for health-related quality of life (HRQoL) quantify the desirability (utility) of a certain health state. The commonly used generic index measure, e.g. EuroQol: EQ-5D, may underestimate relevant areas of specific diseases, resulting in lower validity. Disease-specific index measures on the other hand combine disease-specificity and quantification of perceived quality on several health […]

Learning to live with a loved one with mild cognitive impairment: effectiveness of a waiting list controlled trial of a group intervention on significant others’ sense of competence and well-being

This controlled study examines the efficacy of a comprehensive group program aimed at care partners of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), which comprises elements of psychoeducation, cognitive rehabilitation, and cognitive behavioral therapy. Pre- and posttreatment quantitative and qualitative data were collected in the significant others of 84 patients with MCI, 27 of whom had […]

Group therapy for patients with mild cognitive impairment and their significant others: Results of a waiting-list controlled trial

Background: Patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) have to deal with an uncertain prognosis and also face a multitude of memory-related problems and psychosocial consequences. A newly developed group programme proved to be feasible, however, it needed confirmation by a controlled study. Aim: This controlled study evaluates this group therapy for MCI patients aimed to […]