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Serotonergic function and treatment of behavioral and psychological symptoms of frontotemporal dementia

Objectives: The purposes of this study were first, to evaluate the effectiveness of citalopram in treating behavioral disturbances in frontotemporal dementia (FTD) subjects and second, to determine whether an association exists between serotonergic function, as determined by a neuroendocrine challenge, and treatment response.; Design: Single-dose citalopram (30 mg per os) challenge followed by a 6-week […]

Randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, 48-week study for efficacy and safety of a higher-dose rivastigmine patch (15 vs. 10 cm²) in Alzheimer’s disease

Aim: Determine whether patients with Alzheimer’s disease demonstrating functional and cognitive decline, following 24-48 weeks of open-label treatment with 9.5 mg/24 h (10 cm(2)) rivastigmine patch, benefit from a dose increase in a double-blind (DB) comparative trial of two patch doses.; Methods: Patients meeting prespecified decline criteria were randomized to receive 9.5 or 13.3 mg/24 […]

Randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial of donepezil in vascular dementia: differential effects by hippocampal size

Background and Purpose: We sought to assess the efficacy and safety of donepezil in patients with vascular dementia (VaD) fulfilling National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke-Association Internationale pour la Recherche et l’Enseignement en Neurosciences criteria.; Methods: This international, multicenter, 24-week trial was conducted from March 2003 to August 2005. Patients (N=974; mean age, 73.0 […]

Cognitive change in donepezil treated patients with vascular or mixed dementia

Background: vascular dementia (VaD) and mixed Alzheimer’s disease (AD/VaD) are common. How best to monitor treatment is not clear. Our objective was to compare responsiveness and construct validity of change scores, following donepezil treatment, of the standardized Mini-Mental State Examination (sMMSE) and other measures potentially usable in primary care.; Methods: A six-month, outcome measurement study. […]

Effect of methylphenidate on attention in apathetic AD patients in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial

Background: Little is known about the effect of methylphenidate (MPH) on attention in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). MPH has shown to improve apathy in AD, and both apathy and attention have been related to dopaminergic function. The goal was to investigate MPH effects on attention in AD and assess the relationship between attention and apathy responses.; […]

Object alternation: a novel probe of medial frontal function in frontotemporal dementia

We studied behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) using object alternation (OA) as a novel probe of cognition. This task was adopted from animal models and is sensitive to ventrolateral-orbitofrontal and medial frontal function in humans. OA was administered to bvFTD patients, normal controls, and a dementia control group with Alzheimer disease (AD). Two other frontal […]